THE GLAMOUR CO. -                                  Always Beautiful tm.

   Acne is a skin condition that causes pimples or "zits." This includes whiteheads, blackheads, and red, inflammed patches of skin (such as cysts). Causes, incidence, and risk factors.  Acne occurs when tiny holes on the surface of the skin become clogged. These holes are called pores. Each pore opens to a follicle. A follicle contains a hair and an oil gland. The oil released by the gland helps remove old skin cells and keeps your skin soft. When glands produce too much oil, the pores can become blocked. Dirt, bacteria, and cells build up.


 The blockage is called a plug or comedone. If the top of the plug is white, it is called a whitehead. If the top of the plug is dark, it is called a blackhead. If the plug breaks open, swelling and red bumps occur. Acne that is deep in your skin can cause hard, painful cysts.. This is called cystic acne.
Acne is most common in teenagers, but anyone can get acne, even babies. Three out of four teenagers have some acne. Hormonal changes may cause the skin to be more oily.Acne tends to run in families. It may be triggered by: Hormonal changes related to puberty, menstrual periods, pregnancy, birth control pills, or stress, Greasy or oily cosmetic and hair products. Certain drugs (such as steroids, can cause over active hormones, coupled with high levels of humidity and sweating, equals a real nightmare!

Research does not show that chocolate, nuts, and greasy foods cause acne. However, diets high in refined sugars may be related to acne.SymptomsAcne commonly appears on the face and shoulders, but it may also occur on the trunk, arms, legs, and buttocks.
  • Blackheads
  • Crusting of skin bumps
  • Cysts
  • Papules (small red bumps)
  • Pustules
  • Redness around the skin eruptions
  • Scarring of the skin                                   
  • Whiteheads

Signs and testsYour doctor can diagnose acne by looking at your skin. Testing is usually not needed.TreatmentSELF-CARE Steps you can take to help your acne:
  • Clean your skin gently with a mild, nondrying soap (such as Dove, Neutrogena, Cetaphil, CeraVe, or Basics, even green tea cleanser). Remove all dirt or make-up. Wash once or twice a day, including after exercising. However, avoid scrubbing or repeated skin washing.
  • Shampoo your hair daily, especially if it is oily. Comb or pull your hair back to keep the hair out of your face.


What NOT to do:
  • Try not to squeeze, scratch, pick, or rub the pimples. Although it might be tempting to do this, it can lead to skin infections and scarring, also migration to other parts of infected area.
  • Avoid wearing tight headbands, baseball caps, and other hats
  • Avoid touching your face with your hands or fingers.
  • Avoid greasy cosmetics or creams. Take off make-up at night. Look for water-based or "noncomedogenic" formulas. Noncomedogenic products have been tested and proven not to clog pores and cause acne.

If these steps do not clear up the blemishes, try over-the-counter acne medications. You apply these products directly to your skin.
  • They may contain, sulfur, resorcinol, or salicylic acid.  However, if you can find a good aesthetician, have her do high frequency treatments to kill bacteria on skin that causes acne.  Bonus, it starts the healing process.
  • They work by killing bacteria, drying up skin oils, or causing the top layer of your skin to peel.
  • They may cause redness or peeling of the skin.
A small amount of sun exposure may improve acne a little, but mostly it just hides the acne. However, too much exposure to sunlight or ultraviolet rays is not recommended because it increases the risk for skin cancer. PRESCRIPTION MEDICINES If pimples are still a problem, a health care provider can prescribe stronger medications and discuss other options with you.Antibiotics may help some people with acne:
  • Oral antibiotics (taken by mouth) 
  • Topical antibiotics in creams or gels applied to the skin may be prescribed:
  • Retinoic acid cream or gel ( Retin-A)
  • Prescription formulas of benzoyl peroxide, sulfur, resorcinol, or salicylic acid
  • Topical azelaic acid
  • May we also suggest professional chemical peels by a licensed professional
For women whose acne is caused or made worse by hormones:
  • Birth control pills may help in some cases, though they may make acne worse
Minor procedures or treatments may also be helpful:
  • A laser procedure called photodynamic therapy
  • Your doctor may also suggest chemical skin peeling, removal of scars by mircrodermabrasion, or removal, drainage, or injection of cysts with cortisone
People who have cystic acne and scarring may try a medicine called (Accutane). You will be watched closely when taking this medicine because of its side effects.


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